Installation of operating systems is the first action that a user takes after purchasing equipment. Its proper selection is crucial for subsequent action. It depends mainly on the system whether the use of equipment will become simple and pleasant for its users, and the work will go smoothly or just the opposite. Currently, three giants in the field of creating operating systems count on the computer market – Windows, Linux and Mac. Each of them stands out from a different technological angle. MacOS is available only to users of Apple devices. Linux – although it’s free, has its limitations. In turn, Windows is the most universal among the three.
Installation of Windows operating systems
Windows is the undisputed leader among operating systems for computers and laptops. The Windows family is very wide. Both Windows XP and Vista or Windows 7/8 and even 10 are still enjoying recognition among users. Currently, however, Microsoft is focusing only on Windows 10, which, as announced, is to be the last large system released from under Microsoft’s wings. It is not surprising then that the priority for developers will be to improve and successively expand Windows 10. Unfortunately, this is due to the fact that older versions of Windows are no longer supported and updated.
Windows 10 is a universal operating system that will work on both computers designed for work and home – for watching multimedia, learning and games. In addition, it is distinguished by high stability and speed of action. It is characterized by full functionality and access to new applications immediately after installation.
Additionally, Windows 10 is available in three basic variants:
– Home – intended mainly for home users, without advanced solutions and extensive functionalities; perfect for learning, browsing multimedia or games.
– Pro – designed for more experienced home and business users, with a number of additional, better-developed administrative tools.
– Enterprise – definitely for the most demanding users, it is best suited for business clients (in companies and corporations), because it offers advanced tools and extensive functions.
When deciding to buy a laptop, the user does not have to worry about the operating system, because at the moment most manufacturers are proposing equipment with full original Windows software installed on it. The situation is different with a desktop computer. Such a purchase involves the need to select the operating system as an additional component of the device. Then the question arises, what kind of license should be used so that it fulfills its task?
Windows under OEM license
The OEM Windows license is the license most commonly used on portable computers, i.e. laptops. Hence, the user ultimately does not receive the installation CD with the system. The software is loaded into the computer’s memory and assigned to its technical specification. In practice, it looks like the software creates a device identifier and assigns a system to it. However, this has its drawbacks, because if the components are damaged and need to be replaced, the device identifier will change. In this case, traditional software activation will not be possible and you will need to use telephone activation, provided that the user proves the replacement of the subassembly and not all the equipment. Due to the way it works, the OEM OEM license cannot be resold except with all hardware.
Windows under BOX license
The BOX license for Windows is nothing more than an installation CD with all the software. Its biggest advantage is that after activation the system is not assigned to specific equipment and technical specifications. This in turn means that in the event of component failure or even replacement of the equipment itself, the user will still be able to use the license once purchased. In addition, the BOX license specifies in its properties how many computers can be installed and it is not always just one device. In addition, it allows you to freely resell the system to another user.
Installation of Linux operating systems
The Linux system is free software and, contrary to appearances, it is not “worse” than its market rivals. In practice, it turns out that Linux is the safest, most efficient and most flexible system in terms of configuration settings on the market. It allows you to adjust the settings to the requirements of a given user, which at this stage makes him a leader. In addition, the latest versions of Linux, such as Ubuntu, openSUSE or LinuxMint no longer cause such problems during installation as it used to be at the beginning. At that time, the implementation of this operating system required advanced IT knowledge.
The undoubted advantage of Linux is the fact that it is free software. When choosing a Linux system, it’s worth considering what you need a computer for in practice, because Linux also has its limitations. The biggest of them is the lack of compatibility of games and some programs, which in most cases are adapted to the Windows operating system.
Installation of Mac operating systems
MacOS is the only operating system that cannot be purchased separately because it is an integral part of the devices manufactured by Apple. So when deciding to buy a MacOS, the user chooses the entire device. The latest version of MacOS is the Sierra version. It provides the highest performance and at the same time an intuitive interface, which, however, for Windows users may initially be difficult.
MacOS guarantees optimal work in the cloud and multitasking, also providing a complete set of useful functionalities and settings. Importantly, the system is characterized by reliability in the cooperation of all Apple devices.